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The Great Thirstland

The Kalahari Desert (in Afrikaans: Kalahari-woestyn) is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in southerly Africa extending 900,000 square kilometres (350,000 sq mi), covering much of Botswana, parts of Namibia (formerly South West Africa), and South Africa. A semi-desert, with substantial tracts of excellent grazing after good rains, the Kalahari supports much more animals and plants than a real desert, such as the Namib Desert to the west. There are small amounts of rains and the summer temperature is extremely high. The driest locations generally receive 110 – 200 millimetres (4.3– 7.9 in) of rain annually, and the wettest merely a little over 500 millimetres (20 in). The bordering Kalahari Basin covers over 2,500,000 square kilometres (970,000 sq mi) extending farther into Botswana, Namibia as well as South Africa, and encroaching right into parts of Angola, Zambia as well as Zimbabwe. The Kalahari is home to several migratory birds as well as animals. Formerly sanctuaries for wild animals from elephants to giraffes, and for killers such as lions as well as cheetahs, the riverbeds are now primarily grazing areas, though leopards and cheetahs could still be located. The area is currently greatly grazed and cattle fences restrict the movement of wild animals. Among deserts of the Southern Hemisphere, the Kalahari most very closely looks like some Australian deserts in its latitude and its method of formation. The Kalahari Desert originated around sixty million years ago together with the formation of the African continent.